What exactly is eczema?
Any superficial inflammation primarily involving the epidermis characterized by itching, redness, oozing and crusting is diagnosed as eczema. Also medically known as atopic dermatitis, minute papules and vesicles are formed followed by lichenification, scaling and pigmentation.
Eczema is a long lasting skin ailment. Use of proper medication is the main methodology to treat eczema in Delhi. Patients looking for eczema treatment doctor in Delhi should always consult an experienced dermatologist who can not only prescribe medicines but can counsel the patients with the positive approach to treat the disease. As the weather changes, onset of eczema is seen more and as it flares up, the patient becomes impatient and always look for an immediate treatment. Consult your doctor or dermatologist for eczema treatment soon.
So what are the causes of eczema?
A question predominantly unanswered, eczema is suspected to develop due hereditary and environmental factors. A highly individual and dry skin condition, it varies from individual to individual and can develop in different forms.
- ■ Allergens: Allergens cause abnormal reactions in the body which are commonly called allergic reaction. Identified as one of the main causes of eczema, some common allergens are dust mites, pets such as cats and dogs, molds, dandruff and seasonal pollens.
- ■ Irritants: Some common irritants known to cause eczema are detergents, soaps, shampoos, dish-washing liquids, disinfectants such as chlorine and exposure to certain fruits, vegetables and meats.
Microbes and bacteria such as the staphylococcus aureus other viruses and fungi are known to trigger eczema.
- ■ Environmental factors: When there are changes in the weather and humidity levels or even perspiration is known to cause eczema.
- ■ Food allergens like dairy products, nuts, seeds, soy, wheat and wheat products can trigger atopic dermatitis.
Are there different types of eczema?
There are several types of eczema and the variants are as follows:
- ■ Dermatitis: Allergic contact eczema or dermatitis is a skin reaction to certain substances that the immune system identifies as foreign.
- ■ Neurodermatitis: Neurodermaitis is caused due to localized itching may be due to an insect bite causing scaly patches forming on the wrists, lower legs, forearms and wrists.
- ■ Dyshidriotic eczema: When blisters are formed due to irritated skin on soles of the feet and palms of the hands.
Contact eczema: when the skin has come in contact with an allergen it is called contact eczema.
- ■ Nummular eczema: Formation of crusted, itchy and scaly skin in circular patches.
- ■ Stasis dermatitis: Characterized by irritation of the skin concentrated only on the extremities – lower legs and related to circulatory issues.
- ■ Seborrheic eczema: Yellow patches of skin which are oily and scaly formed usually on the scalp and on the face.
What are the treatments available at Satya Skin Hair Clinic?
Satya Skin Hair Clinic believes in holistic healing processes and advises patients only according to their pathology. Since several forms of eczema exist in varying forms, Satya Skin Hair Clinic prescribes remedial measures to specifically address only an individual patient.
- Emollients: Emollients are ointments, lotions and non-cosmetic moisturizers that can soothe and comfort the skin. It prevents formation of cracks and keeps skin moist, minimizes itchiness and boots flexibility. Creams feel cool and come with a combination of fat and water, while ointments can be greasy. Lotions contain less fat and more water mostly used in the hairy areas.
- Topical corticosteroids: A very important and relevant treatment, topical corticosteroids are used by Satya Skin Hair Clinic in special cases, requiring independent attention. The success of the treatment depends on the careful diagnosis of the disease along with the potency of the steroid and the frequency of its application along with known side effects. One of the primary risks of topical corticosteroids is popularly associated with skin atrophy which is thinning of skin due to depletion of skin tissue.