Warts, commonly termed as verruca vulgaris. It is a viral infection caused by Human Papilloma virus (HPV). It can affect any part of the body from head to toe. Different variants of HPV are there which cause this type of infection.
There are many types of warts:-
Flat warts: This type of flat warts generally affects teens and children. Flat warts are smooth in appearance and commonly affecting face.
Common warts (Verrruca Vulgaris): A raised wart with roughened surface are commonly seen on hands and can also be on other parts of the body known as Palmer or Junior Warts.
Periungual Warts: warts that look like a cauliflower in clusters and can be seen around the nails.
Plantar Warts: warts that are hard and painful with multiple black specks in the centre. It can be seen in pressure point areas like soles of the foot.
Mosaic Warts: They are group of tightly clustered planter type of warts and can be seen on the soles of the foot and on the hands.
Genital warts: Genital warts are commonly seen in genitals, near pubic area, in and around anus and in vagina.They are generally pink/red in colour, appearing in clusters, and may grow rapidly.Genitals warts are rarely symptomatic.What are the causes of Warts?
Direct contact: When a person gets into direct contact with another person having warts.It is the most common way of getting this kind of viral infection as it is very contagious. People can catch this infection in salons very oftenly. This explains why facial warts are commonly seen in the beard area of men and eyebrow area of females. So once a person gets infected, he/she can cause infection to himself as well as to others also.
Sexually acquired warts are seen in and around the genital areas of both men & women.
1. Medical treatment: Salicylic acid & lactic acid preparations can be used topically.Medicines like oral Zinc & immunomodulators should be prescribed.Topical imiquimod & some homeopathic medicines are also useful sometimes.
2. Surgical treatment: Electrocautery, RF,CO2 laser & cryotherapy can be performed to remove warts. Laser wart Removal Treatment is one of the most common treatment of choice. The warts present on the skin can be easily removed in a single sitting with the help of laser wart removal treatments. The CO2 laser slowly burn the wart accurately without causing damage to the adjacent skin.
Although, there are high chances of recurrence after laser wart removal treatment is done, so simultaneously treatment to prevent recurrence should also be started.
Sometimes, warts are seen on the scalp area ,in between the hair, which causes difficulty in combing. So laser wart treatment can be done easily to get rid of those unwanted and irritating warts.
3. Auto-innoculation: A boom in the treatment of warts is Auto inoculation.Beyond laser treatment for wart removal, auto innoculation is a very good treatment as it helps in generating immunity against the HPV virus in patients own body. This is a permanent solution to warts, if it succeeds.