Satya Skin Laser & Hair Transplant Institute specializes in the treatment of skin and hair problems. Some of the common skin diseases that can be encountered are:
Day to day problems
Sunburn– When skin reacts to overexposure to UV rays, sunburns occur. The blood vessels swell causing more blood to rush into the affected skin. An individual can experience nausea, headaches, fevers and chills due to severe sunburn. For this usually a cold bath is recommended and application of moisturizing cream, sunscreens and anti-inflammatory medicines are recommended.
Paronychia– Paronychia is nail infection occurring along the edge of the nail. It could affect a fingernail or a toe nail. Severe paronychia can cause pus formation, redness, swelling with associated chills and fever. In this case, the abscess has to be drained and prescriptive medication given for the infection.
Teenage acne and adult acne– Teenage acne is caused due to hormonal adjustments and excessive oil secretions on the skin. Adult acne is caused due to the side effects of certain medicines or hormonal problems such as PCOS. Creams and retinoids are prescribed as a treatment measure. Oral antibiotics are suggested to fight the infection. Certain treatment procedures like salicylic acid peels are also helpful.
Seborrhoeic dermatitis– Seborrhoeic dermatitis is generally caused by multiple factors that may include genetic, hormonal, environmental and immune related. It occurs as redness and inflammation of the skin with greasy red and yellow scaling. Lack of sleep, stress and anxiety can also trigger this condition. Topical corticosteroids and antifungals are generally prescribed to treat this skin condition.
Perioral dermatitis– Rashes that form around the mouth are called perioral dermatitis. Commonly found in women and children, usually the inadverdent use of topical steroids causes this.
Contact dermatitis– The rash is more localized and caused due to contact with a substance which can include flowering plants, cosmetics, detergents and industrial chemicals. It may be allergic or irritant contact dermatitis. Medications such are oral antihistamines are prescribed to relieve the symptoms.
Pityriasis rosea- A common skin condition, pityriasis rosea appears as red and scaly patches mainly over the central part of body. It is not contagious and self resolving condition.
Folliculitis– When hair follicles are infected, small pustules are formed in the area of the growth of hair. They could be inflamed and painful. Treatments are usually with anti-antifungal and anti-bacterial medications.
HSP– HSP stands for Henoch-Schonlein purpura which can affect individuals of all ages. HSP occurs if there is a problem with the immune system and is not infectious. Purple spots appear on the skin and the condition is diagnosed with blood and urine tests. Anti-inflammatory medications such as paracetamol and ibuprofen are prescribed.
Lichen Planus– It is characterized by violet colored flat topped itchy lesions on the skin. It may also involve mucosa of mouth and genitalia. It is treated with antihistamines,retinoids, dapsone, corticosteroid tablets and creams.
Granuloma annulare– A chronic condition of the skin pink and purple ringed papules are formed affecting the bony areas of the body such as the elbows and ankles. Topical steroids and injections are prescribed to treat the areas.
Life threatening rashes– Some rashes can denote a serious illness which can be life-threatening such as Pemphigus vulgaris, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, toxic shock syndrome, toxic epidermal necrolysis, dermatitis herpetiformis, staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome, meningiococcal septicaemia and gangrene. Treatment may require hospitalization and intensive care.
Hyperhidrosis- Hyperhidrosis is excessive sweating and can affect underarms, palms and soles. The cause is associated with neurological and systemic disturbances. Anti-perspirants, botulinum toxin, iontophoresis and anticholindergics are prescribed as treatment measures.
Atopic Dermatitis– It is a common skin condition in children that can affect the hands, face and knees. It is dry and itchy with sore crusts due to continuous scratching. It is usually treated with emollients, topical corticosteroids and oral antihistamines.
Psoriasis– Plaque psoriasis is a common condition. Thick red plaques are covered with silver streaks or scales and can affect lower back, scalp, elbows and knees. Treatment measures are with coal tar for scalp, vitamin D analogues, retinoid creams and moisturizers.
Icthyosis– Icthyosis is a group of disorders in which the skin is dry and flaky. It may be acquired or genetic and severity may vary from very fine thin scales to thick plate like scales.
Scleroderma– The skin gradually loses the ability to stretch and hardens. Scleroderma is a very rare auto immune condition affecting even the internal organs. With no cure the treatment for scleroderma aims at treating localized changes with vasodilators, topical corticosteroids, NSAIDs and immune system suppressants such as methotrexate and cyclophosphamide.
Bacterial- Bacterial infections can include cellulitis, impetigo, MRSA, necrotizing fasciitis, staph infections and leg ulcers.
- ■ Cellulitis infects the deep layers of the skin causing swelling, redness and pain. Though the condition is not contagious, antibiotics are needed to treat the infection.
- ■ Methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus is resistant to common antibiotics and is usually a hospital or community acquired disease.
- ■ Impetigo is highly infectious, often occurs in children and on the face. The condition is mainly due to improper personal hygiene and so regular washes are recommended. Antibiotics are prescribed to treat severe cases.
- ■ Necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is a rare, serious disease and is caused to due bacterial invasion into the skin through cuts or scratches. Treatments may include intravenous antibiotics, blood transfusions, respiratory aids, heart monitoring and medications to increase blood pressure.
- Leg ulcers develop as open sores caused due to venous disease and arterial disease. Antibiotics are prescribed to treat the infection
- ■ Warts – The human papilloma virus is responsible for warts. They are small, rough and can appear on any part of the body. Treatments include cryotherapy, salicylic acid, covering with duct tape and laser surgery.
- ■ Shingles or Herpes Zoster is caused by the varicella-zoster virus which is also responsible for chicken pox. It reactivates in people who have had chicken pox. Treatment with antiviral medications, NSAIDs or even narcotic pain killers in severe cases is prescribed.
- ■ Molluscum Contagiosum are papules which look like pearls on the skin and are highly contagious. They are painful to squeeze. These usually do not respond to medicines and need to be removed by needle extirpation, cautery or most precisely with CO2 laser.
- ■ Ringworm is a common skin infection. It is ring shaped and infectious, caused by the dermatophytes a fungus that grows on the skin.
- ■ Antifungal medications including oral and applicants are prescribed to eliminate the fungus.
- ■ Pityriasis versicolor is caused due to yeast that lives on the skin. Also called tinea versicolor it has a tendency to occur in hot climates when the individual sweats a lot. Topical antifungal lotions and ointments along with oral antifungal medications are prescribed.
- ■ Candidiasis is also called thrust and is a skin condition caused due to multiple fungi that live on our body. Candidiasis can be in an indication of hidden diseases such as diabetes. Antifungal creams, lotions and tablets are prescribed as treatment measures.